Strategies & Studies

Strategies & Studies

The development of a hydrogen infrastructure in Germany offers many opportunities - and presents us with many challenges. If we take the right steps, we can exploit the huge CO2 savings potential of green hydrogen in just a few years. The planning is based on central studies and strategy papers, which we have made available here in an overview.

Grüngasvariante 2025 NEP Gas KonsultationsdokumentFor the first time the transmission system operators are designing a hydrogen network as part of the Network Development Plan (NEP Gas). The FNB Gas published the consultation document of the network development plan on 4th May. Part of it is the modelling of a green gas variant for the years 2025 (shown on the right) and 2030 based on 31 green gas projects reported from the market. Among other things, the plan includes a pure hydrogen network. By 2030, the TSOs want to build a hydrogen network with a length of 1,236 kilometres.

Here is a link to the consultation document of the network development plan (German). The green gas variant can be found from page 130 on.

FNB Gas and the GET H2 partners Gascade, Nowega, OGE and Thyssengas will be happy to answer any questions regarding the green gas option.

A sustainable hydrogen economy must have Europe in mind from the start. The very well developed European gas transmission network as a central transport route is an important basis for this. In July 2020, eleven gas transmission system operators drafted the vision of a Europe-wide hydrogen transmission network with the European Hydrogen Backbone. A network has been mapped out that extends over some 23,000 kilometres from Spain and Italy to Sweden by 2040. Ten European countries were considered for the study.

The paper European Hydrogen Backbone is available for download here.

“Hydrogen infrastructure – the pillar of energy transition” – this is the title of a white paper published by Siemens Energy, Gascade and Nowega. The publication looks at the conversion of long-distance gas networks to hydrogen and thus provides important information on the development of a hydrogen infrastructure in Germany.

The conversion of part of the existing natural gas transmission network for the transport of hydrogen is part of the German government’s National Hydrogen Strategy. For the whitepaper, the three companies have looked at detailed questions that underline the feasibility of this planning. Energy flow and pipeline capacity are considered as well as storage options and practical cases for the hydrogen economy in operation. The model project GET H2 Nukleus is also considered as a case.

The Whitepaper ist available for download here.

On June 10, 2020, the German government passed the long-awaited National Hydrogen Strategy. The document addresses many of the demands listed above and lays important foundations for the creation of a future-oriented hydrogen economy in Germany. Hydrogen Strategy for download as PDF (German).

In June 2020, the A.T. Kearney Energy Transition Institute presented a very detailed study of hydrogen applications and their economic viability. The thorough review looks at the role of hydrogen in energy transition, key H2 applications, the H2 value chain and business models worldwide. The international perspective in particular is an important indicator of the status and competitiveness of a German and European hydrogen economy.

The detailed document is available for download here.

Gutachten IKEM Anpassung Kooperationsvereinbarung Gas für Wasserstoffnetze;Only minor adjustments to the Gas Cooperation Agreement (KoV Gas) are necessary to integrate hydrogen into the gas industry. This is the result of an expert report by the Institute for Climate Protection, Energy and Mobility (IKEM), commissioned by the GET H2 partners Gascade, Nowega, RWE Generation and Uniper.

The KoV Gas is the cooperation agreement between the German operators of gas supply networks. It regulates the cooperation between the network operators so that shippers only have to conclude one entry and one exit contract each, even if they transport gas over several networks. So far, hydrogen is not included. However, hydrogen could be included in the adjustment cycle of the KoV Gas, which is scheduled for October 2022, says the report. The proposed adjustments are mainly of an editorial nature and do not require fundamental new regulations.

The IKEM paper is available for download here (PDF, German).